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29.01.2007.

Silica aerogel - silikatni aerogel - izolator buducnosti
Lokacija: Zanimljivi linkovi :: SciTech   |   Autor: cacan @ 23:19   |  

Aerogel - izolator buducnosti… Wiredov clanak o aerogelu

Wikipedia - Aerogel

A 2.5 kg brick is supported by a piece of aerogel weighing only 2.38 grams.
Aerogel is a low-density solid-state material derived from gel in which the liquid component of the gel has been replaced with gas. The result is an extremely low density solid with several remarkable properties, most notably its effectiveness as an insulator. It is nicknamed frozen smoke, solid smoke or blue smoke due to its semi-transparent nature and the way light scatters in the material; however, it feels like extruded polystyrene to the touch.

Osim u upotrebi kao odlicni toplinski i zvucni izolatori, moci ce posluziti i kao odlicna skladista energije

Aerogels are solid substances similar to gels but where the internal liquid is replaced with air. Aerogels rank among the world’s lowest density solids. They are very porous and light, and have remarkably high internal surface area. Their microstructure and physical properties can be manipulated at the nanometer scale by selection of raw material and modification of manufacturing conditions. Aerogel products can be engineered to exhibit desired thermal, acoustic, mechanical and/or chemical properties. Aerogel materials can be produced as monoliths, thin-films, powders, or micro-spheres to respond to given application requirements.

The extremely high electrochemical surface area of ACI’s ENERGel™ carbon aerogel enables very high rates of charge and discharge. Capacitances of more than 104 F/g and energy densities of more than 325 kJ/kg have been demonstrated with carbon aerogels ultracapacitors. Additionally, power densities of up to 20 kW/kg have been achieved. This is orders of magnitude higher than what conventional capacitors offer. ACI believes that its ENERGel™ carbon aerogel is a superior option for applications such as specialized electrodes.

Slika i tekst najbolje opisuju svojstva toplinske izolacije silikatnog aerogela… “…silica aerogel can protect the human hand from the heat of a blowtorch at point blank range….

Plamen-Aerogel-Sibice




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